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How to plant potatoes and when to do it

Potatoes sitting in the ground with foliage in the background

Knowing how to plant potatoes the suitable manner can provide the greatest and very best tubers conceivable. Potatoes are beautiful easy to develop, similar to studying how to develop tomatoes from seeds, however following this information will make the entire distinction. Your potatoes will probably be giant and flavorful, ripe to cook dinner very quickly.

If you’re a novice when it comes to rising potatoes, you’re in success. Here, we will stroll you via precisely what you want to do to get your potatoes to thrive. We will duvet prematurely when it is very best to plant them and how to domesticate your land. This information will resolution any questions you could have and supply useful guidelines and methods, which even essentially the most skilled gardeners must know.

How to plant potatoes

What you’ll want

Seed potatoes

Paring knife

Fertilizer

Compost / elderly manure

Hoe / shovel

1. Choose a seat – First, you want to make a decision the place you need to plant your potatoes. Choose a space that receives numerous solar, preferably with somewhat acidic soil (PH between 5.0 and 7.0). Don’t concern if you’ll be able to’t meet those requirements – potatoes are slightly hardy and will most commonly develop any place.

2. Choose seed potatoes – Be positive to purchase seed potatoes for planting, now not potato seeds. Potatoes you select up at a grocery retailer is not going to paintings as they are going to had been handled with a sprout retardant. You can to find seed potatoes at native farm shops, however they’re broadly to be had on-line too, corresponding to those seed potatoes from Simply Seed ($ 12.59, Amazon).

A seed potato cut in half for seasoning, with more seed potatoes in the background

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

3. Cut the seed potatoes – You want to reduce seed potatoes 3-5 days earlier than planting them. This will lend a hand them retain moisture and higher give protection to them from rotting. All huge potatoes must be reduce in part in order that each and every phase is the dimensions of a golfing ball. You need each and every piece to have a couple of “eyes” from which it will sprout. Don’t concern about chopping smaller seed potatoes which might be already the dimensions of a golfing ball.

4. Care for seed potatoes – Now, you want to go away the sliced ​​potatoes to “remedy” for 3-5 days. You can unfold them out within the solar or simply stay them in a heat house (round 70 ° F). You must realize a thick callus forming at the cuts inside a few days.

5. Prepare the bottom – While your potatoes are maturing, you’ll be able to get to paintings at the floor. Remove any weeds and, the use of a hoe or shovel, dig a trench about 6-8 inches deep, with the bottom about 3 inches extensive. If you want a couple of row, stay about 3 ft between them. Cultivate the soil through blending with compost or rotted manure on the base of the ditch.

Someone who plants seed potatoes in a trench

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

6. Plant your potatoes – Each potato must be planted reduce aspect down with the “eyes” dealing with up and spaced 12 inches aside on each and every aspect. (New potatoes may also be spaced each and every 9 inches.) Sprinkle with fertilizer, corresponding to Burpee Bone Meal Fertilizer ($ 12.99, Amazon) between each and every potato seed, following the directions at the package deal for dosing. Then duvet with 3-4 inches of soil to get started.

As the vegetation develop and sprout (attaining about 8 inches tall), you can want to upload every other 3-4 inches of soil on best, so best the highest leaves sprout from the soil. Then repeat once more when they develop every other 8 inches, which is able to take a number of weeks. At this level, your floor must be about 5 inches above the bottom degree. This method is referred to as ‘hilling’ and the extra you do it, the easier the harvest will probably be, even supposing you must forestall when the vegetation bloom.

7. Water and wait – Potatoes want about an inch or two of water a week for common steering, however do not overdo it when they begin rising. Give them various water all through the summer time, particularly when they begin blooming. Once the leaves flip yellow and die, forestall watering – this may lend a hand keep the potatoes for harvest.

Someone who picks up potatoes with a shovel and collects them in a bucket

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

8. Collect your potatoes – It is very best to do this on a dry day. You can harvest new potatoes two weeks after the plant has completed flowering, however take into accout that they are going to now not heal and will want to be eaten inside a couple of days, so you might best need to dig up one or two vegetation at a time. Ideally, you must wait 2-3 weeks after the foliage has died to dig.

9. Store your potatoes – If you need your potatoes to closing, you must first allow them to ripen for a couple of days on best of the soil after moderately digging them up. If it rains, transfer them to duvet.

Once they’re cured, you must retailer the potatoes in a dry, cool, well-ventilated and darkish (35-45 ° F) position. Do now not wash them till you’re ready to use them, as this may shorten the lifespan. For long-term garage, a root cellar is perfect.

When to plant potatoes?

It is very best to plant potatoes in early spring or as quickly because the soil may also be labored. The soil must be between 45º and 55ºF, this means that you’ll want to give protection to your potatoes with a canopy if a overdue frost hits your lawn. You additionally are not looking for the soil to be excessively rainy as this may rot the potatoes. It is very best to wait 2-3 weeks earlier than the closing frost date for common steering. However, potatoes may also be planted as overdue as June, so you might be now not tied to those dates.

Dirty potatoes piled up in a basket

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)

How lengthy does it take for potatoes to develop?

This in point of fact is dependent upon the kind of potato you’re rising and the dimensions you need to develop them at. New potatoes want 60-90 days to develop, whilst full-size potatoes take round 120 days. You can inform they’re able to harvest since the leaves are beginning to die and you may additionally realize a small mound of earth driven up on the base of the stem. If now not, you’ll be able to additionally really feel the dimensions of the potato within the floor if you’re not sure.


For extra planting guidelines, methods, and directions, take a look at our guides on how to prune hydrangeas, how to handle an orchid, and 5 issues to get your lawn able for spring.


See more about the article

How to plant potatoes and when to do it

Knowing how to plant potatoes the suitable manner can provide the greatest and very best tubers conceivable. Potatoes are beautiful easy to develop, similar to studying how to develop tomatoes from seeds, however following this information will make a distinction. Your potatoes will probably be full-sized and flavorsome, ripe for cooking very quickly. 
If you’re a beginner when it comes to rising potatoes, you’re in success. Here, we can take you via precisely what you want to do to get your potatoes thriving. We will duvet when very best to plant them in addition to how to domesticate your land previously. This information will resolution any questions you may have and will supply helpful guidelines and methods, which even essentially the most seasoned gardeners must find out about. 
How to plant potatoes  
What you’ll want
Seed potatoes
Paring knife
Fertilizer
Compost/elderly manure
Hoe/shovel
1. Choose a place — First, you want to make a decision the place you need to plant your potatoes. Pick a space which will get various solar, preferably with somewhat acidic soil (PH of five.0 to 7.0). Don’t concern if you’ll be able to’t slightly meet those requirements — potatoes are beautiful hardy and will develop most commonly any place.  
2. Pick out your seed potatoes — Make positive you purchase seed potatoes for planting, now not potato seeds. Any potatoes you select up from a grocery retailer gained’t paintings as they are going to had been handled with a sprout-retardant. You can to find seed potatoes at native farm stores, however they’re broadly to be had on-line too, corresponding to those seed potatoes from Simply Seed ($12.59, Amazon).   

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
3. Cut your seed potatoes — You want to reduce your seed potatoes 3-5 days forward of planting them. This will lend a hand them retain moisture and higher give protection to them from rotting as effectively. Any huge potatoes must be reduce in part so each and every phase is in regards to the length of a golfing ball. You need each and every piece to have a few ‘eyes’ which is the place it will sprout from. Don’t concern about chopping any smaller seed potatoes which can be already the dimensions of a golfing ball.
4. Cure your seed potatoes — Now, you want to go away your reduce potatoes out to ‘remedy’ for 3-5 days. You can lay them out within the solar, or simply stay them in a heat house (more or less 70°F). You must realize a thick callous forming over the cuts inside a few days.    
5. Prep the bottom — While your potatoes are curing, you’ll be able to get to paintings at the floor. Remove any weeds and, the use of a hoe or shovel, dig a trench more or less 6-8 inches deep, with the bottom about 3 inches extensive. If you want a couple of row, stay about 3 ft between them. Cultivate the soil through blending in compost or rotted manure on the base of the ditch.  

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
6. Plant your potatoes — Each potato must be planted cut-side down with the ‘eyes’ up, and spaced 12 inches aside on each and every aspect. (Baby potatoes may also be spaced each and every 9 inches.) Sprinkle fertilizer, corresponding to Burpee Bone Meal Fertilizer ($12.99, Amazon) between each and every potato seed, following pack directions for dosage. Then duvet with 3-4 inches of soil to get started. 
As the vegetation develop and sprout (attaining more or less 8 inches in top), you’ll want to upload every other 3-4 inches of soil on best, so best the highest leaves are poking out of the bottom. Then repeat once more when they develop every other 8 inches, which is able to take a number of weeks. By this level, your soil must be about 5 inches above floor degree. This method is referred to as ‘hilling’ and the extra you do it, the easier the harvest will probably be, even supposing you must forestall when the vegetation flower. 
7. Water and wait — Potatoes want about one to two inches of water every week for common steering, however don’t overwater them as they first get started to develop. Give them various water throughout the summer time, particularly when they begin to flower. Once the leaves flip yellow and die again, forestall watering — this may lend a hand keep the potatoes for harvest.  

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
8. Harvest your potatoes — This is very best finished on a dry day. You can harvest new potatoes two weeks after the plant has completed flowering, however have in mind those gained’t remedy and will want to be eaten inside a couple of days, so you might best need to dig up one or two vegetation at a time. Ideally, you must stay up for 2-3 weeks after the foliage dies again to dig them out. 
9. Store your potatoes — If you need your potatoes to closing, you must first allow them to remedy for a couple of days at the best of the soil after moderately digging them up. If it rains, transfer them to safe haven. 
Once cured, you must retailer your potatoes someplace dry, cool, well-ventilated and darkish (35-45°F). Don’t wash them till you’re able to use them, as this may shorten the lifespan. For long-term garage, a root cellar is perfect.
When must you plant potatoes?
Potatoes are very best planted in early spring or as quickly because the soil may also be labored. The soil must be between 45º to 55ºF, this means that you’ll want to give protection to your potatoes with a canopy if a overdue frost hits your backyard. You don’t need the soil to be overly rainy both as this may rot the potatoes. It’s very best to wait 2-3 weeks prior to the closing frost date for common steering. However, potatoes may also be planted as overdue as June, so that you’re now not tied to those dates.  

(Image credit score: Shutterstock)
How lengthy does it take potatoes to develop?
This in point of fact is dependent upon the kind of potato you’re rising and the dimensions you need to develop them to. New potatoes want between 60-90 days to develop, while full-size potatoes require about 120 days. You can inform they’re able to harvest since the leaves get started to die again and you may additionally realize a small mound of soil driven up on the base of the stem. Failing that, you’ll be able to additionally really feel for the dimensions of the potato within the soil when you’re not sure. 
For extra planting guidelines, methods, and how-tos, take a look at our guides on how to prune hydrangeas, how to handle an orchid, and 5 issues to get your lawn able for spring. 

#plant #potatoes


#plant #potatoes

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